Pronunciation: "Oz-Good Shh-Lat-Ers"
Osgood Schlatter Disease. Also known as Osgood, OSD, Osgood Schlatters, growing pains, traction apophysitis and plenty more!
The condition occurs in children and teenagers, most commonly between the ages of 10-18 and is usually associated with rapid period of growth.
Pain is localised at the bottom of the patella tendon on the very top of the shin. This pain is usually made worse by high intensity exercise and can sometimes become painful at night time.
Who discovered the Osgood Schlatter Disease?
Osgood Schlatters was discovered twice. Both times in 1903, but on opposite sides of the world by two different surgeons.
The first Robert Osgood (1873–1956), was an American orthopedic surgeon, and the second Carl B. Schlatter (1864–1934), a Swiss surgeon. Both discovered and described the injury as occuring in rapidly growing children.
As a result the two have joint naming rights for their work in discovering and describing the disease of patella tendon enthesis irritation.
Why is it considered a disease?
While it is most commonly referred to as Osgood Schlatter Disease, it is possibly more accurate to be considered an injury or a condition. This is because it is often brought about by the combination of rapidly growing bones and high activity levels, which leades to overuse and stress on the patella tendon.
While this is semantic, we find thinking of Osgood Schlatters as an injury instead of as a disease can help give young athletes more optimism and a sense that they can take action to help rehabilitate or manage their pain.